Cornwall England,Cornish Solidarity,South Crofty tin Mine,Cornwall County Council,Cornish government,Cornish links,Cornish political groups,Cornish culture,cornwallgb

 Cornwall England,Cornish Solidarity,South Crofty tin Mine,Cornwall County Council,Cornish government,Cornish links,Cornish political groups,Cornish culture,cornwallgb

 

Cornwall.University

Cornwall England,Cornish Solidarity,South Crofty tin Mine,Cornwall County Council,Cornish government,Cornish links,Cornish political groups,Cornish culture,cornwallgb

 

The Cornish of Cornwall, Great Britain, is a national minority growing smaller each year
Cornwall is accepted within the European Community as a national minority
Cornish culture is guaranteed Human Rights by the European Union in Brussels.


Cornish Solidarity's view on Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities:
Richard Ford
Political Liaison Officer, Cornish Solidarity

 

 
Julie Clouder,
Race Equality Unit
Home Office
50 Queen Anne's Gate
Julie Clouder,London SW1H 9AT
By fax:0171-273-3771
Thursday, May 06, 1999
 
 
 
Dear Julie,
Please find enclosed this organisation's response to the Government's draft response to the COE Framework convention
for the protection of National Minorities.
It will come as no surprise to you that we regard the Government's proposed exclusion of the ethnic Cornish from
consideration as illogical, unreasoned and totally discriminatory, and flying in the face of historical fact. To deny a nation's
(and the Cornish are a nation) existence is only one step away from the genocide that was carried out on our ancestors in
the 1549 Prayer Book rebellion which will be commemorated this year by a march from Bodmin to Exeter.
On the specific paragraph 48, in which this is perpetrated, I have to make the point most strongly that I have never, in
common with at least six of the other Cornish organisations on your address list, communicated with you or the Home
Office as "an individual". I have made it clear that I write in my capacity as Political Liaison Officer of this organisation
which has over 1,000 paid-up members, and I speak on their behalf with their full consent.
It is also clear that we agree that "the people of Cornwall" do not constitute a national minority. This phrase is used to
describe the inhabitants of Cornwall of whatever ethnic origin. The "Cornish People" - i.e. those of Celtic Cornish
extraction - most certainly do constitute a national minority, and an ethnic minority under the definition set down by Lord
Fraser in the case of Mandla v. Dowell Lee 1988 which is used to define "ethnic group" for the purposes of the RRA
1976 (which incidentally, we consider an inappropriate vehicle).
It is understood that, in the absence of a "Cornish Office" and lacking awareness of Cornwall's unique history, UK
Government Departments are at a loss as to how to deal with the problem, and wish to pass it on as "someone else's
responsibility". There is no excuse for sweeping the issue under the carpet - it will not go away, and we can assure you
and HMG that we shall take the issue to the Council of Europe and ultimately the European Court of Human Rights if
necessary in order to obtain just recognition of our distinct identity and heritage.
 
 
Yours sincerely,
Richard Ford
Political Liaison Officer

 

Part I Para 2 Insert the word Cornish after Welsh in line 7.
The Cornish are a nation with its own law (Stannary Law), based on pre-conquest Cornish common law, which has not
been, and cannot be repealed or amended by the UK Government as it proceeds from a Royal Charter (The Charter of
Pardon 1508), and fully meet the mandatory criteria to be defined as a racial group in the same way as the Scots, Welsh
and Irish as per Lord Fraser (Mandla v. Dowell Lee 1988).
Part 2 Para 47 Insert the word Cornish after Welsh in line 1
The Cornish are a formerly independent nation, finally conquered by Athelstan, King of West Saxons, in 936 AD. He
misappropriated all Cornish lands east of the River Tamar and established the boundary of Cornwall for all time as the
East Bank of the Tamar. Until the 14th Century, all legal references were made to "Anglia et Cornubia" - England and
Cornwall, as Cornwall was not incorporated in England, despite having been conquered.
In 1351, the Black Prince, first Duke of Cornwall, initiated a survey of his property in "Cornwall and England". The
establishment of the Duchy of Cornwall contains the words "we do by this present charter, for us and our heirs, annex
and unite to the aforesaid Duchy, to remain the same for ever, so that from the same Duchy they may at no time be in any
wise separated". There has been no constitutional change to the Duchy which can be construed as changing either the
national identity of the Cornish people nor Cornwall's distinct segregation from England.
As a consequence of this amendment, the Government will need to "include in this Report details of the measures taken to
maintain and develop the Cornish language and Culture".
Para 48 Delete
With the inclusion of the Cornish as a National Minority, this paragraph becomes redundant. If HMG is not minded to
effect inclusion of the Cornish, it must be made clear that the stress of this paragraph on individual rights is incorrect.
Cornish organisations, who differ on several issues but are united in their Cornishness, have made representations, not
about the rights of Cornish individuals, as much as the right of the ethnic Cornish as a community to be recognised as
such and for them to be afforded the protection of the Convention as a community.
Exclusion of the ethnic Cornish from protection under the convention will mean that HMG can, and will continue to, deny
the Cornish Community, and individuals belonging to it, any collective rights under the convention, specifically Articles
1,2,5,6,9,10,11,12,13,14,16 and 17.
As has been said before, it is not necessary to prove that individuals are being discriminated against to accept that a group
of people with a common cultural and linguistic heritage are a national minority. The Cornish, as a national minority, are
fully entitled to the protection of the Convention in respect of their language and culture, in the same way as the Welsh, to
whom they are related. For HMG to recognise the Welsh but not the Cornish is utterly illogical and discriminatory, and
we earnestly ask that they reconsider their position.
 
 
With best wishes,
Yours sincerely,
Richard Ford
Political Liaison Officer
 
 

 

Mike O'Brien MP
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
Home Office, 50 Queen Anne's Gate
London SW1H 9AT
By fax:0171-273-3771
Monday, September 13, 1999
 
 
Dear Mike,
 
Thank you for your letter of 8th Sept in response to mine of 14th July.
There appears to be some considerable misunderstanding about what the various Cornish Organisations who have been in
contact with your Department seek to achieve. Cornish Solidarity, as an organisation having members who are both
ethnic Cornish and otherwise, fully recognises and supports the priority that the Home Office accords to directing
resources to the very important issue of combatting racism in the light of the Stephen Lawrence enquiry. What we seek,
in common with others, is not redirection of resources away from that important issue; rather the recognition from HMG
that the ethnic Cornish are distinct from the English, and that Cornwall should be accorded the same recognition as our
cousins in Wales.
Several recent actions indicate that HMG is not inclined to afford us that status, but rather is intent on forcing Cornwall
into England by stealth (Cornwall, unlike Wales, has never been formally incorporated into England). There is great
concern here that, despite the government's support for Cornwall in obtaining Objective 1, and itself awarding Cornwall
Tier 1 status with regard to Regional Selective Assistance, the unelected SWRDA has chosen to rename itself the "South
West of England Regional Development Agency", and has based itself in Exeter. Imagine the outcry if Wales were told
that its Objective 1 status would be managed from, say, Birmingham!
If this perspective does not sit comfortably with the mindset of your Department, it is that mindset which needs to change,
not ours.
By way of example, the recently-established English Tourism Council intends to use the flag of St. George as a logo
throughout "England" - which will jar completely with the Cornish, whose national flag is the Cross of St. Piran. To quote
the Grand Bard, addressing the recent Gorsedd, "Cornwall is not England, and never will be, despite what Government
Departments may say". In this respect, Cornwall stands unique in what is considered "England", and our Single Program
Document, which is currently in draft form, lays great stress on "Regional (i.e. Cornwall's) Distinctiveness and Branding",
which implies the use of symbols that are unique to Cornwall (St. Piran's Flag, the Chough etc.) It is our intention to
promote Kernow as itself - i.e. "going abroad without needing a passport". It is, to put it mildly, hard to see how enforced
Anglicization (ENGLISH Heritage, ENGLISH Partnerships etc.) assist in this aim.
We agree that "the people of Cornwall" do not constitute a national minority. This phrase is used to describe the
inhabitants of Cornwall of whatever ethnic origin. The "Cornish People" - i.e. those of Celtic Cornish extraction - most
certainly do constitute a national minority, and an ethnic minority under the definition set down by Lord Fraser in the case
of Mandla v. Dowell Lee 1988 which is used to define "ethnic group" for the purposes of the RRA 1976 (which
incidentally, we consider an inappropriate vehicle), and we shall seek to obtain this recognition from the Council of
Europe, with whom we are already in contact.
We, together with other Cornish Organisations, are therefore launching an appeal to raise funds to commission a study
which will set out the case in detail to the C of E for recognition of the Cornish as a National Minority, a copy of which is
attached for your information. Andrew George MP is fully aware of, and supportive of this initiative.
 
 
With best wishes,
Yours sincerely,
Richard Ford
Political Liaison Officer
 
 
Tell a Cornish Cousin Jack
about Cornish Solidarity
and independence
 
 

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